Evidence-Based Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Developments over Two Decades

  • Background: Increasing awareness of the importance of evidence-based medicine is demonstrated not only by an increasing number of articles addressing it but also by a specialty-wide evidence-based medicine initiative. The authors critically analyzed the quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials published in this Journal over a 21-year period (1990 to 2010). Methods: A hand search wasBackground: Increasing awareness of the importance of evidence-based medicine is demonstrated not only by an increasing number of articles addressing it but also by a specialty-wide evidence-based medicine initiative. The authors critically analyzed the quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials published in this Journal over a 21-year period (1990 to 2010). Methods: A hand search was conducted, including all issues of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery from January of 1990 to December of 2010. All randomized controlled trials published during this time period were identified with the Cochrane decision tree for identification of randomized controlled trials. To assess the quality of reporting, a modification of the checklist of the Consolidated Standard of Reporting Trials Statement was used. Results: Of 7121 original articles published from 1990 to 2010 in the Journal, 159 (2.23 percent) met the Cochrane criteria. A significant increase in the absolute number of randomized controlled trials was seen over the study period (p < 0.0001). The median quality of these trials from 1990 to 2010 was "fair," with a trend toward improved quality of reporting over time (p = 0.127). Conclusions: A favorable trend is seen with respect to an increased number of published randomized controlled trials in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Adherence to standard reporting guidelines is recommended, however, to further improve the quality of reporting. Consideration may be given to providing information regarding the quality of reporting in addition to the "level of evidence pyramid," thus facilitating critical appraisal.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Axel Becker, Anette Blümle, Arash Momeni
Year of Publication:2013
Language:English
GND Keyword:Entwicklung; Plastische Chirurgie
Parent Title (English):Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume:132
Issue:4
ISSN:0032-1052
First Page:657e
Last Page:663e
Document Type:Article (reviewed)
Institutes:Hochschule Offenburg / Bibliografie
Acces Right:Frei zugänglich
Release Date:2019/10/29
Licence (German):License LogoEs gilt das UrhG
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/PRS.0b013e31829fe0f7
Pubmed Id:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term=24076714