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Coupling Lithium Plating with SEI Formation in a Pseudo-3D Model: A Comprehensive Approach to Describe Aging in Lithium-Ion Cells

  • The lifetime of a battery is affected by various aging processes happening at the electrode scale and causing capacity and power fade over time. Two of the most critical mechanisms are the deposition of metallic lithium (plating) and the loss of lithium inventory to the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). These side reactions compete with reversible lithium intercalation at the graphite anode.The lifetime of a battery is affected by various aging processes happening at the electrode scale and causing capacity and power fade over time. Two of the most critical mechanisms are the deposition of metallic lithium (plating) and the loss of lithium inventory to the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). These side reactions compete with reversible lithium intercalation at the graphite anode. Here we present a comprehensive physicochemical pseudo-3D aging model for a lithium-ion battery cell, which includes electrochemical reactions for SEI formation on graphite anode, lithium plating, and SEI formation on plated lithium. The thermodynamics of the aging reactions are modeled depending on temperature and ion concentration, and the reactions kinetics are described with an Arrhenius-type rate law. The model includes also the positive feedback of plating on SEI growth, with the presence of plated lithium leading to a higher SEI formation rate compared to the values obtained in its absence at the same operating conditions. The model is thus able to describe cell aging over a wide range of temperatures and C-rates. In particular, it allows to quantify capacity loss due to cycling (here in % per year) as function of operating conditions. This allows the visualization of aging colormaps as function of both temperature and C-rate and the identification of critical operation conditions, a fundamental step for a comprehensive understanding of batteries performance and behavior. For example, the model predicts that at the harshest conditions (< –5 °C, > 3 C), aging is reduced compared to most critical conditions (around 0–5 °C) because the cell cannot be fully charged.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Serena CarelliORCiDGND, Wolfgang G. BesslerORCiDGND
Publisher:IOP Publishing
Year of Publication:2022
Date of first Publication:2022/05/31
Parent Title (English):Journal of The Electrochemical Society
Volume:169
Issue:5
Article Number:050539
ISSN:0013-4651 (Print)
ISSN:1945-7111 (Elektronisch)
First Page:1
Last Page:18
Document Type:Article (reviewed)
Language:English
Release Date:2022/06/07
Institutes:Bibliografie
Open Access: Open Access 
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International
URN:https://urn:nbn:de:bsz:ofb1-opus4-57650
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ac716a