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Prediction of reversible lithium plating with a pseudo-3D lithium-ion battery model

  • Fast charging of lithium-ion batteries remains one of the most delicate challenges for the automotive industry, being seriously affected by the formation of lithium metal in the negative electrode. Here we present a physicochemical pseudo-3D model that explicitly includes the plating reaction as side reaction running in parallel to the main intercalation reaction. The thermodynamics of the platingFast charging of lithium-ion batteries remains one of the most delicate challenges for the automotive industry, being seriously affected by the formation of lithium metal in the negative electrode. Here we present a physicochemical pseudo-3D model that explicitly includes the plating reaction as side reaction running in parallel to the main intercalation reaction. The thermodynamics of the plating reaction are modeled depending on temperature and ion concentration, which differs from the often-used assumption of a constant plating condition of 0 V anode potential. The reaction kinetics are described with an Arrhenius-type rate law parameterized from an extensive literature research. Re-intercalation of plated lithium was modeled to take place either via reverse plating (solution-mediated) or via an explicit interfacial reaction (surface-mediated). At low temperatures not only the main processes (intercalation and solid-state diffusion) become slow, but also the plating reaction itself becomes slower. Using this model, we are able to predict typical macroscopic experimental observables that are indicative of plating, that is, a voltage plateau during discharge and a voltage drop upon temperature increase. A spatiotemporal analysis of the internal cell states allows a quantitative insight into the competition between intercalation and plating. Finally, we calculate operation maps over a wide range of C-rates and temperatures that allow to assess plating propensity as function of operating condition.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Wolfgang G. BesslerORCiDGND, Serena CarelliORCiD
Publisher:The Electrochemical Society
Year of Publication:2020
Language:English
Parent Title (English):Journal of The Electrochemical Society
Volume:167
Issue:10
ISSN:1945-7111
First Page:1
Last Page:23
Document Type:Article (reviewed)
Institutes:Hochschule Offenburg / Bibliografie
Acces Right:Frei zugänglich
Release Date:2020/06/17
Licence (German):License LogoEs gilt das UrhG
URL:https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1149/1945-7111/ab95c8
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab95c8