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Remuneration of Distribution Grids for Enhanced Regenerative Electricity Deployment - An Analysis and Model for the Analysis of Grid Structures in Southern Germany Using Linear Programming

  • Ecological concerns on the climatic effects of the emissions from electricity production stipulate the remuneration of electricity grids to accept growing amounts of intermittent regenerative electricity feed-in from wind and solar power. Germany’s eager political target to double regenerative electricity production by 2030 puts pressure on grid operators to adapt and restructure theirEcological concerns on the climatic effects of the emissions from electricity production stipulate the remuneration of electricity grids to accept growing amounts of intermittent regenerative electricity feed-in from wind and solar power. Germany’s eager political target to double regenerative electricity production by 2030 puts pressure on grid operators to adapt and restructure their transmission and distribution grids. The ability of local distribution grids to operate autonomous of transmission grid supply is essential to stabilize electricity supply at the level of German federal states. Although congestion management and collaboration at the distribution system operator (DSO) level are promising approaches, relatively few studies address this issue. This study presents a methodology to assess the electric energy balance for the low-voltage grids in the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg, assuming the typical load curves and the interchange potential among local distribution grids by means of linear programming of the supply function and for typical seasonal electricity demands. The model can make a statement about the performance and development requirements for grid architecture for scenarios in 2035 and 2050 when regenerative energies will—according to present legislation—account for more than half of Germany’s electricity supply. The study details the amendment to Baden-Württemberg’s electricity grid required to fit the system to the requirements of regenerative electricity production. The suggested model for grid analysis can be used in further German regions and internationally to systematically remunerate electricity grids for the acceptance of larger amounts of regenerative electricity inflows. This empirical study closes the research gap of assessing the interchange potential among DSO and considers usual power loads and simultaneously usual electricity inflows.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Tobias Rösch, Peter TreffingerGND, Barbara Koch
Publisher:MDPI
Place of publication:Basel
Year of Publication:2020
Pagenumber:26
Language:English
GND Keyword:Elektrizitätsnetz; Energieversorgung; Energiewirtschaft; Optimieren
DDC classes:600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften
Parent Title (English):Energies
Volume:13
Issue:20
ISSN:1996-1073
First Page:Artikel 5385
Document Type:Article (reviewed)
Open Access:Frei zugänglich
Institutes:Bibliografie
Release Date:2021/01/05
Licence (German):License LogoCreative Commons - CC BY - Namensnennung 4.0 International
DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205385