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Electrical velocimetry to optimize VV delay in biventricular VVIR and DDD pacing for heart failure

  • Introduction: VV delay (VVD) is the only parameter to hemodynamically optimize cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Electrical velocimetry (EV) has been established to monitor thoracic electrical conductivity and to calculate hemodynamic surrogate parameters. We compared the response of this method to hemodynamic parameter changes between CRT patientsIntroduction: VV delay (VVD) is the only parameter to hemodynamically optimize cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Electrical velocimetry (EV) has been established to monitor thoracic electrical conductivity and to calculate hemodynamic surrogate parameters. We compared the response of this method to hemodynamic parameter changes between CRT patients with sinus rhythm (SR) and patients with AF. Methods: VVD was individualized in 17 CRT patients in SR (12m, 5f, 67.0±7.2yrs.) after echo AV delay optimization and in 11 CRT patients in AF (10m, 1f, 69.8±9.6yrs.) using the Aesculon Cardiovascular Monitor (Osypka Medical, Berlin, Germany). Serial 30s EV recordings were accomplished, decreasing the VVD stepwise by 10ms from +60ms to -60ms between right and left ventricular stimulus. Optimal VVD was determined by the maximum of at least two of the three averaged parameters stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO) and cardiac index (CI). The response of SV, CO and CI was tested comparing their values in optimal VVD and suboptimal VVD. Suboptimal VVD was defined by optimal VVD±20ms. Results: In all 28 patients in SR and AF, EV recordings resulted in optimal VVD. Between suboptimal and optimal mean VVD of 18.6±30.8ms between left and right ventricular stimulus, SV increased by 7.2±6.8%, CO by 7.8±7.2% and CI by 10.0±13.3% (all p<0.02). In the SR group with VVD of 18.8± 29.6ms, SV increased by 4.6±2.9%, CO by 5.0±2.9% and CI by 4.9±2.9% (all p<0.02). In the AF group with VVD of 18.2±4.0ms, SV increased by 10.4±8.9%, CO by 11.3±9.5% and CI by 16.4±18.2% (all p<0.02). Significant differences were not found between optimal VVD in SR and AF patients. Conclusion: EV is a feasible serial method to individualize VVD in DDD and VVIR pacing for heart failure. Its response to hemodynamic changes demonstrates the value of EV for VVD fine-tuning.show moreshow less

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Metadaten
Author:Bruno IsmerGND, Matthias HeinkeGND, Kirsten-Maria Rotter, Lena Rösch, Frank Kleimenhagen, Peter Osypka
Publisher:Walter de Gruyter
Place of publication:Berlin, Boston
Date of Publication (online):2011/09/30
Pagenumber:1
Language:English
Parent Title (Multiple languages):Biomedical Engineering / Biomedizinische Technik
Volume:56
Issue:S1
ISSN:0013-5585 (Print)
ISSN:1862-278X (Online)
First Page:9
Document Type:Conference Proceeding
Institutes:Hochschule Offenburg / Bibliografie
Release Date:2014/12/05
Licence (German):License LogoEs gilt das UrhG
Note:
Proceedings BMT 2011, 45. DGBMT Jahrestagung, Freiburg, 27.-30. September 2011
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1515/bmt.2011.856